A short story about the Borg family and the origin in the city of Norrköping in Sweden back to mid 1600. I have published a book in English about the Borg family which can be purchased here.
You can find a family chart and tree in Norwegian here.
My great-grandfather, Carl Peter Borg, who was one of three brothers, came to Norway in the late 1800’s. My great-grandfather was born in Sweden and came to Sem in Vestfold and was married there in 1881 to his Swedish born wife, Johanna Mathida Andreasdotter. They had nine children, and grandfather Hans Ludvik was born and baptized in Sem church. Later they moved to Kristiania and lived there more or less all their lives. They lived for a period in Ålesund where my great-grandfather and grandfather, who were masons, helped to re-build Ålesund after the great fire in 1904. They then lived for a few years on Hatlane outside Ålesund where they built a house that still stand to this day. Here, my grandfather met his future wife, Rachel Pettersen and they werer married in Ålesund Methodist Church in 1906. Rachel was the daughter of the city’s head-sweeper, Karl Johan Pettersson who was born in Sweden who came to Norway in 1874.
My great-grandfather´s younger brother, Anders Fredrik, had moved to Norway in 1882. He became the first driver (in those days the fire»trucks» were horse driven) in the Tønsberg Fire Brigade, and he was in the fire brigade throughout his working period. He also married a Swedish girl in 1884, Charlotta Magnusdotter. They had four children, and this became the second Norwegian branch of the family.
My great-grandfather’s youngest brother, Johannes, had also moved to Tønsberg. He became a sailor and sailed on ships sailing to the European continent. He died in Hamburg from sickness 28 years old and unmarried.
My great-grandfather’s 1st cousin, Olof Borg, was the start of the family in the United States. He first came to Norway in 1871 where he worked in the Blåfjell mines in Sokndal in Rogaland. There he met Sara Tonette Hansdatter who lived on the small farm Brambo near the mines. They married in Sokndal church in 1872. In 1873 he, his wife and her entire family emigrated to the United States. Olof and Sara had 11 children, all born in the United States.
One assumption is that Customs officer Weddig Borg came to Norrköping in the mid 1680`s. Possibly he came from Stockholm with his wife Anna Brita Tollet, and maybe some siblings. There is mentioned a brother, a sister Christina who is married to Johan Hockell and a sister Catharina. She is mentioned in Domkapitlet (This is the church´s own legal documents. Many cases, especially moral questions, were judged by the church and not by the courts) of Linköping in connection with a case of a broken engagement between Jaktlöjtnant (Lieutenant) Erland Carlström and Hedvig Schunk, the daughter of Customs Inspector Jöns Schunk. Catharina is mentioned in this case as «inspectorskans svägarske» (the Inspectors sister in law). Jöns Schunk could not attend the trial and sent his son-in-law Norjin, his wife and son Lars, and Catharina Borg as witnesses. This statement indicates that Catharina was married to a brother of Jöns Schunk. The trial ended with the conclusion that there had never been a promise of engagement or marriage.
Many clues lead me to the assumption that the families Schunk and Borg had close relationships and might be intermarried. There is a Niels Borgh, bookkeeper at the Customs in Stockholm married to a girl Schunk in the early 1700`s. One theory is that they all originally came from Stockholm and that the mother of Weddig may be of the Skunk/Schunk (the name was written in different ways) family. What I know is that Jöns Skunk came from Stockholm to Barösund in 1685 to work as a customs officer (He later became a Customs Inspector – a high ranking title). In 1686, Weddig is found in Norrköping also as a customs officer.
Weddig Borg came to take up a position as a customs officer in Norrköping. He gradually advanced in the ranks, and ended up as the Chief Inspector at Stora Siötullen (the Customs) in Norrköping. It looks like Weddig Borg may have had three siblings, Catharina, the brother he bought a grav for, and Christina who married Johan Hockell. His sister Christina lived with Weddig Borg in Norrköping in 1691 according to a census, and, as the widow of Johan Hockel, she lived with Jacob Steinhausen at Luddingsbo in Västra Husby. Christina was the aunt of Engel Borg (Weddig Borgs daughter) who was married to Colonel Lieutenant Jacob Steinhausen. See page xx.
Weddig Borg is found in the church book for S:t Olai for the first time in 1686 as a godfather to Mayor Anders Lorbechs daughter Christina. He is also found in court records in 1686 in Norrköping as witness in cases involving the Customs.
According to some sources, he married Anna Brita Tollet (later Lindeflygt) in 1687, (The location is unknown, but if they got married in 1687, Weddig Borg was already established in Norrköping (1686) but may have travelled elsewhere to get married). She was only 16 years old. Anna Brita Tollet was the daughter of Landskamreren (Treasurer) i Halland, Lars Gilliusson Tollet, knighted in 1689 with the name Lindeflygt. I can not find any birth data for Weddig and Anna Brita’s first child Charlotta, so she probably was not born in Norrköping. The first child born in Norrköping was Lars in 1688. He was baptized at St. Olai Church in Norrköping, as were the next 8 children. The last of the children, Jakob was born in Norrköping in 1713. The family is found in a census for Norrköping in 1714. In 1715, Anna Brita is mentioned as Customs officer Weddig Borg’s widow. From 1711 to 1713 the youngest children had a private teacher living with the family in Norrköping. It was Anders Malmér, who was Appologist (old word for teacher). He later became a komminister (Assistant priest) in Häradshammar and Jonsberg.
Fortunately, the Borg´s had managed to get away from Norrköping before the Russians occupied the city in 1719 and burned large parts of the city. Only three houses, a gazebo and four granaries were standing after the Russians’ raidings. The city had gone through two wars and two fires before this. The Danish War (1676 – 1680) and the Great Nordic War (1709). There were fires in 1567, 1655 and the last in 1719 after the Russian invasion. The city was also ravaged by a major epidemic in the period 1710 – 1712 where more than 2000 died.
There is a gap between the children, from Anton in 1693 to Carl in 1700. When one sees how close the other children are born, one should think there were children born between 1693 and 1700. The problem is that there are no church books between 1693 and 1719. They were destroyed by fire. However, there are no indications that there were more children than I have found.
In addition to working in Norrköping, Weddig also worked part time at the Barösund customs station on the island of Kättilö, located in Gryt parish. The customs station was built in 1637 to serve traffic to Norrköping and Söderköping. The old customs station was demolished, but a new customs station was built in 1788, and still stands. This is used today as a summer place for employees in the Customs Administration. A strange and funny thing is that this house was used as a summer house for a period of time by the famous Swedish tennis player, Björn Borg. I have not found any link to his family, but I wonder if he ever knew there had been a Borg there in the late 1600`s.
When Gryt Church needed a new bell, Inspector Jöns Schunk at Barösund took the initiative to collect money for this from friends and associates in Norrköping and in Gryt. The church book of Gryt lists all those who contributed to the bell. First on the list is Lagmann Reenstierna (see review under Reenstierna), and number two is Weddig Borg, which gave 30 daler. The whole bell cost 600 daler. On the list there are also many of the others in his closest circles:; Inspector Törner, Abel Becker, Johan Spalding, Anders Spalding and Joachim Siwerts to name a few. There is also a Stenhusen listed that might be Steinhausen, who later married Weddig´s daughter, Engel Borg.
On the new bell which was finished in 1702, there is the following inscription:
Äro och af Grytz kyrkiomedel denne klåcka tagne sexhundrade dal:r koppar mt.
Min syster, ensam, för har kallat folket samman
Men nu fåfängt är om Gudh eii folketz hierta rör,
När thet utaf mitt liud och ringning något hör.
Till Guds nampns ähra och församlingens nytta, är till denna klåcka giwit af mina gynnare och wänner, hwilckas nampn i kiörkiones book antecknade finnes.
Barösund tullcammar den 3 Ochto:r A:o 1702
This is old Swedish and which in English should be something like this:
Honor and by Gryts means by the church this bell cost sixhundred daler copper coin.
My sister, lonesome, has called the people to church
But now if in vain God does not touch peoples heart
When it from my sound and ringing nothing is heard
In honor of Gods name and glory and to the congregation`s use, this bell is donated by my friends, whose names are found in the church book.
Barösund customs office October 3 Anno 1702
The church of Gryt today is a church started in 1798 and inaugurated in 1804. The church where Weddig Borg donated money for a new church bell is an ancient medieval church. At that time there was no bell tower, but the bells were hung up in a gallows outside the church. These bells were later hung up in the new church bell tower. Today, parts of the church exist as a small chapel in the graveyard across the road of the new church.
The church was originally devoted to St. Olov, the Norwegian saint King Olav the Holy. Olav the Holy traveled around the whole of the Swedish coast and there are traces of his visits in several parts of Sweden. St. Olai Church in Norrköping is also dedicated to Olav the Holy. There are also traces of him in Halland near Morup where the Borg family eventually established itself in the early 1700`s. Olav the Holy was a Norwegian Viking king who brought Christianity to Norway. At least that is what´s been told, but there are traces of Christian people in Norway before that. However, he was the one who helped unite all into a national church and also tried to assemble Norway into one kingdom. He was killed in a battle in 1030 and was sanctified by the Pope (Christians in those early days were all Catholics.)
Weddig Borg´s daughter Engel was godmother for Jöns Skunk’s son, Samuel, who was baptized in Gryt Church on September 15, 1703. Engel was then 15 years old and is listed as the Virgin Engel Borg. In 1754, Inspector Olof Norstrand and his wife Catharina Steinhausen lived with their children Jacob Uddo, Daniel, Carl Johan and Ingrid Ulrica, in Barösund State (Customs Station). Catharina Steinhausen was the daughter of Engel Borg and thus granddaughter of Weddig Borg (see also under Steinhausen).
Weddig Borg had a reserved seat in Hedvig church in Norrköping. It was common at the time that the well-off paid to have a seat in the church. He had «stolrym på bänk nr. 12» (Seat on bench no. 12). However, all his children were baptized in St. Olai’s Church. In addition, he was godfather to some children baptized in both Hedvig church and St. Olai church.
WEDDIG BORG – HIS FRIENDS AND ASSOCIATES IN NORRKÖPING
Who were the friends and associates of the Weddig Borg, customs inspector!
Good citizens, merchants, colleagues in Stora Siötullen and nobles. It helped that his wife Anna Brita’s father, Landskamreren i Halland, Lars Gilliusen Tollet was knighted in 1689 and was named Lindeflygt. But there were also some Germans who were employed in Stora Siötullen, and one significant man in Norrköping was the inspector of Stora Siötullen in Norrköping in 1637, Henric von Brobergen. He was of German nobility born in Bremen, Germany and educated in Lübeck, Germany.
Weddig was, as previously mentioned, godfather to several children in Norrköping. Some of them were Mayor Anders Lorbech’s daughter Catharina, Appologist (mathmatics teatcher) Herman Frick’s daughter Ingeborgh, Mårten Månsson’s son Oluff, Komminister (assistant to the priest) Samuel Boman’s daughter Maria and Inspector at Stora Siötullen, Petter Wettersten’s son Johannes. Weddig’s circle of people consisted of many with German origin, so one might wonder if Weddig also had a German background. Parts of Germany were at that time under Swedish rule, and traffic across the Baltic Sea was great.
Prominent people who were godparents to Weddig’s children were:
Merchant Jochim Hansson Siwers (His wife was godmother to Weddig´s son Lars).
Joachim Hansson Siwers, (died 1703) was among the first immigrants from Germany. He immigrated in approximately 1653 from Lübeck, Germany. He was importing coffee and cocoa and operated from Rosenstrålarnas Borggård (a city block in Norrköping) in 1690. He was one of Norrköping’s most prominent traders and started importing tobacco leaves in 1686 from Lübeck. He had his own factory for further processing tobacco.
Elisabeth Kock-Cronström, married to Reenstierna was godmother to Engel and Anna Brita.
Mr. Marcus Reenstierna was godfather to Elisabeth.
The Momma family emigrated from Aachen (now located in Germany) in the Netherlands in the mid 1640. Jakob Momma and his sons Marcus, Willem and Abraham immigrated to Sweden. Before they came to Sweden they had been operating in England. Jacob Momma, born in 1625 in Duchess of Jülich (now located in Germany) became the owner of Holmens Bruk in 1666. He was knighted in 1669 under the name Reenstierna, an died in Norrköping in 1678. He married Elisabeth Kock-Cronström, and together they had nine children. One of them was Abel whom took over Holmen Bruk after his father. He went bankrupt in 1704, and the mill was taken over by the Riksbank (Federal Bank). Reenstierna’s coat of arms hangs in Hedvig’s church in Norrköping. The noble family name of Reenstierna (after Count Jakob Reenstierna 1659 to 1716), died out in 1783 with the death of his son, Fredrik Ulrik Reenstierna.
Merchant Henrik Spalding was godfther to Engel.
He was of Scottish origin and ran a business of importing and trading of textiles.
Spalding was of old Scottish nobility. He was knighted with the named Spaldencreutz in 1756 but the noble family name died out in 1848.
Noble names could only be continued by male heirs. If there were no sons, the noble name was no longer in use, and no one else could claim the name.
Mr. Gillies de Besche was godfather to Engel.
The Dutch noble family immigrated around 1600. Gillies de Besche was one of the founders of Gusum Bruk. He retained his original nobleman name in the Swedish nobility, and was considered one of Sweden’s richest men of his time.
Merchant Ernest Beckman was godfather to Engel.
The family emmigrated from the Netherlands to Gothenburg, where Ernest was born. They moved their business site to Norrköping and operated trading there. He married Hedvig Siwers, the daughter of Joachim Hansson Siwers.
Factory owner Abel Becker (Bäcker) was godfather to Anna Brita.
He was from Lübeck in Germany and immigrated to Sweden in the early 1600s.
In 1655 he took over the textile factory after Drags and Petter Speet. It was the largest textile factory in Norrköping. He owned Orga & Drag factory with Tobias de Gomse, who was the director of Holmen Bruk. They accounted for 60% of iron exports to England and imported Scottish wool. They also traded with German Baltic Sea ports.
Merchant Erik Hossmann was godfather to Anna Brita.
A merchant in Norrköping.
Mr. Carl Eldstierna was godfather to Petter.
THE BORG FAMILY MOVES FROM NORRKÖPING
In the late 1600’s, Weddig and his family lived in their own house in Norra Kvarteret (the Northern Quarter), lot no. 268, St. Olai in Norrköping. The Northern Quarter was located along Norrköping and Motala Ström (the river that flows through Norrköping), or Strömmen, which is the daily name on the river in Norrköping. The houses were situated along what is today the street Saltängsgatan. This was the newer part of Norrköping at that time, while the old part was south of the river. In the old part, there were also the churches Hedvig and St. Olai. The customs house itself was out on the harbor southwest of the river, so he had some way to go to get to work. Weddig Borg is mentioned in the records of a meeting at Norrköping Town Hall, March 9, 1714, where he is listed as a financial contributor to the war effort, aiding victims and paying for damage caused by the war against Russia. After Weddig Borg died June 13, 1714, the family from Norrköping moved for good. What happened to the estate in Norrköping is not known, but in a letter written by his son Anton Borg, the Mayor of Malmö to the Swedish king in 1738, he asked for “support and compensation for the material damage suffered by the Russians to all their property in Norrkiöping in 1719” If there was any ansewer and compensation is not known.
Weddig had probably lived in the county Halland on the west coast of Sweden during periods of his life since he was mentioned in some documents in Halland.
One of the daughters, Charlotta is supposed to have been born in Halland. Since the church records for many of the parishes in Halland were destroyed in fires, her record of birth has not been found. After Weddig died, most of the family moved to Anna Brita’s hometown, Morup in Halland, and settled at the Långås manor, which was one of two manors the father had received when he became knighted with the noble name of Lindeflycht in 1689. Probably he had already received the manors in 1684 when he is mentioned as owner already then for his services to the king as country accountant for Halland.
The son Anton was in Lund in 1714 studying to become a lawyer when Weddig died. Anton moved to Malmö after finishing the law school, and where he lived all his life. His brother Jacob, who was a customs officer also moved to Malmö, where he also lived all his life.
WHAT HAPPENED TO THE CHILDREN
Charlotta, (b. 1687 – d. 1742) moved to Morup with her mother, but married at Långviken in Kalmar län (county) in 1734 to Birger Jonas Wassenius and moved to Gothenburg, where he was Lecturer and Principal of the Göteborgs Gymnasium (Swedish high school in Gothenburg). Her birth, marriage or death has not been possible to find in any church books since many church records were destroyed in fires. The information is derived from a book about Birger Jonas Wassenius. Birger Jonas Wassenius was a famous astrologist.
Lars, born February 24, 1688 in Norrköping, baptized at St. Olai Church. He moved with his mother to Morup. He was a student in Uppsala in 1704, studying law.
He was an Auskultant (lawyer under training) at Svea Hovrett (Supreme court) in 1708 and Göta Hovrett in 1711. Secretary of the President of Göta Hovrett, Count Mörner, who was Häradshövding (person in charge of the judiciary and in charge of the tribunal) and chancellor in the Kanslikollegiet. Lars lived with his mother at Langås manor and drowned in Morup in 1720 unmarried and childless. According to a Swedish biographical collection (Nicolai):
«could have become Chief of District by marriage, but did not want to marry.»
Is buried in Halmstad Town and from Halmstad Town’s records of burial index in 1735, the following is stated:
«On 2 July, the soldier Lars Ekeroth, who died on 28 June, was buried on the south side next south of Lars Borg’s tomb in the city cemetery.»
Engel, was born December 28, 1688 in Norrköping, and baptized in St. Olai’s church. She stayed in Östergötland after her mother and siblings had moved to Halland. She married in 1711, 3 years before her father died, with the Lieutenant and later Cavalry Capitan at the Östgöta cavalry, Johan Steinhausen. He died in 1741. After his death, Engel moved to Kornsäs Prästgård (rectory) in Skällvik where her son-in-law Daniel Norstrand was pastor. She died February 20, 1772, and was buried from St. Anna’s church in Skällvik. They had 3 daughters and 2 sons. One of the daughters married into the Bökman and Nordstrand families.
Petter, born in Norrköping on April 12, 1690. I have not been able to find anything more about him. He is probably dead in Norrköping before the family moves to Morup as he is not there. Nor could I find him in Norrköping’s church books as the church books for the period from 1700 to 1715 were destroyed in a fire.
Anna Brita, born 23 februar 1692 in Norrköping, died the same year, 12 oktober 1692 in Norrköping.
Anton, (1693 – 1761) started studying law at the University of Uppsala in 1704, and continued in the University of Lund in 1714. He then moved to Malmö.
Carl, (1700-1772) moved to Morup with his mother where he eventually entered the military. As his father had done, he started in the Customs as Strandridare. This is a customs officer who supervised activities along the coast, such as ships that were coming in with merchandise to be declared. Horses were used for faster travel from place to place. He later became first lieutenant and lived on his farm in Morup. It is from his son, the minister Weddich Borg, my family originates from.
Agneta Sophia, (1703 – 1794) was born in Halland, so the family may have lived in Halland for a period. Agneta Sophia moved to Morup with her mother. She married about 1730 with a priest, Severin Castani Bökman.
Anna Brita, born April 8, 1708 in Norrköping. She also moved to Halland. She got married about 1737 with the pastor Andreas Gadelius. Anna Brita and Andreas had four children together. Anna Brita died soon after her daughter Rachel was born. Rachel was born on May 19, 1750, and her mother Anna Brita died on 3 June 1750. She was buried in Vessige.
Jacob, (1713 – 1786) was born in Norrköping. He was only one year old when his father died. He followed in his father’s footsteps and was at the Customs all his life and worked and lived in Malmö.